The United Kingdom consists of England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland and it is one of the oldest and most successful countries of recent history. There was a time when the sun did not set on the British territory and it ruled over colonies from Asia to Africa. The United Kingdom is also the birthplace of Beatles and Shakespeare and has played a vital role in shaping global culture.
It is also home to some of the oldest and most prominent neolithic structures like Stonehenge and some of the finest universities in the world like the Oxford and Cambridge University. England is considered to be the financial centre of the entire world.
Here are ten best things to do if you are in England or planning a visit in the future.
10. Roman Baths
One of the most famous tourist attractions of UK the Roman Baths complex in English city of Bath is a site of historical interest. This place is an extremely well preserved Roman public bathing site. The baths are located below the modern street levels while the buildings above are from the nineteenth century.
These baths have four main features: the Roman Temple, Sacred Spring, the Roman Bath House and a museum. The Roman Baths are a huge tourist attraction with over a million visitors coming here annually. Although the visitors are allowed to visit and see the Baths and museum they are not allowed to enter the water.
9. The Eden Project
The Eden project is UK’s attempt to become the leader in the sector of sustainable growth. It consists of two biomes which contain plants from all different climates and environments and it is located in Cornwall, England about 2 km from the town of St Blazey and 5 km from the town of St Austell.
Visitors of the Eden project will have the chance to see marvellous and creative gardens along with beautiful artworks. People are able to learn about different plant species and their climates through interactive and detailed displays. This venue is also used for music events and it has valuable plant and conservation research center.
8. Durham Castle
It is a Norman Castle located in the city of Durham, England and it has been occupied by the University College of Durham since 1840. The castle sits on top of a hill near the River Wear opposite to Durham Cathedral in the Durham peninsula.
The castle is open to general public but they can only visit with the help of a guided tour since the castle is still in use by over a hundred students. The castle was built to demonstrate the prestige and power of the Norman King and it is one of the finest examples of bailey and motte castles.
7. Lake District National Park
Referred generally as just The Lakes, the Lake District National Park is a region located in the northwest of England and it is a very popular tourist destination. This area is famous for its fell mountains, glacial ribbon lakes and literary associations. The area of Market Town in Lake District is known for its local art galleries, traditional inns and outdoor equipment shops.
This area has some of the longest and deepest lakes in England like the Wastwater and Windermere. UK is making an effort to enter the Lake District National Park into UNESCO’s World Heritage Status in the category of cultural landscape.
6. Westminster Abbey
The Westminster Abbey is a gothic church located in the west of the Palace of Westminster in the city of Westminster, England. It is one of the most well known religious buildings in England and English and British rulers were coronated and buried here. The building was also used as a venue for royal weddings.
According to historical records the building was first built in the time of Mellitus who was at the time Bishop of London while the construction of the present church started in 1245 and King Henry III ordered the construction.
5. The British Museum
The British Museum is located in the Bloomsbury area of London and it is dedicated to art, culture and human history. It has almost 8 million works of art in its permanent collection which originate from every continent of the Earth. This collection is one of the largest and most complete collections in existence today.
The construction of the museum began in 1753 and it was opened for public on 15th of January, 1759. It contains a large collection of Sir Hans Sloane who was a physician and scientist and is also the founder of the museum.
4. Madame Tussaud’s Wax Museum
Madam Tussaud’s Wax Museums are located in quite a few major cities but none is more famous and more visited than the one in London. The museum houses life like wax statues of real life celebrities ranging from world leaders to famous actors and musicians.
It is one of the major tourist attractions in London and people from all over the world come here and take pictures with the wax statues of their favourite celebrities. The museum was founded by wax sculptor Marie Tussaud.
3. Jurassic Coast World Heritage Site
The Jurassic Coast World Heritage Site is located in southern England on the English Channel coast. It is 96 miles (155 kilometers) long and starts from Orcombe Point near Exmouth to the Old Harry Rocks in east Dorset near Swanage.
During World War II some parts of the Jurassic Coast were given to the Ministry of war which used it as a military training ground but today it has been given back to the civilians and the training center is also finished.
Considered as one of the most famous historic sites of the world Stonehenge was built from 3000 B.C to 2000 B.C, although some argue that it was first built in 2400 to 2200 B.C. UNESCO included it in its World Heritage Site list in 1986.
There is no clear explanation of how and why it was built although some studies done in 2008 claim that Stonehenge may very well be a burial ground in ancient time. Anyone one interested in prehistoric architecture should must visit this place.
1. Natural History Museum
Known formerly as the British museum till 1992 the Natural History Museum is located in South Kensington and it exhibits a huge variety of specimens from different areas of natural history. The museum has a collection of over 80 million items.
There are five main collections: zoology, entomology, mineralogy, botany and paleontology. The museum also holds specimens collected by Charles Darwin himself. There is no entering fee and visitors can visit the museum for free.